Accounting for Cryptocurrency: How Will It Affect Accountants

accounting for cryptocurrency

The accounting industry has grown and evolved to keep up with the latest technology advancements in order to remain agile and relevant. One such area of growth is in the realm of cryptocurrency, which is becoming more widely used and regulated.

As the world of cryptocurrency continues to evolve, accountants need to stay informed and understand how to account for digital currencies properly. However, due to the intangible nature of cryptocurrencies, there are also questions about whether or not they should be accounted for in the traditional sense.

And if so, how?

Let’s explore the impact of cryptocurrency on accounting, the tax implications, the digital currency accounting standards, and much more.

Understanding the Impact of Cryptocurrency on Accounting

The rise of cryptocurrency has led to a significant shift in how we think about money and finance. Just as the invention of the car changed the way we travel, cryptocurrency is changing how we handle money. That is to say, this has a huge impact on the accounting profession, as accountants must now learn to account for digital currencies in a way that adheres to existing financial reporting standards. Admittedly, this new wave of change would affect accountants to account for their clients’ holdings.

While already established in a distributed ledger, it could bring significant transparency into earnings and holdings. However, managing crypto assets comes with its own set of challenges. From tracking gas fees to monitoring currency value fluctuations, accountants must stay vigilant in managing these volatile assets.

But despite these challenges, the role of finance handlers – accountants – in managing crypto holdings is becoming increasingly important. With the right approach and tools, they can help bring stability and predictability to this new and exciting frontier of finance.

Digital Currency Accounting Standards

As the use of cryptocurrency continues to grow, it’s becoming increasingly important for accountants to understand digital currency accounting standards. These standards are designed to help accountants properly account for digital currencies and ensure that financial statements are accurate and transparent.

Meanwhile, no globally recognized accounting standards are specifically dedicated to accounting for cryptocurrency. However, in the absence of specific guidance, accountants may look to existing accounting standards, such as International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), for guidance. Some of the accounting standards that could be used to account for cryptocurrency include the following:

·        IFRS 9 Financial Instruments: This standard guides the classification, measurement, and recognition of financial assets and liabilities.

·        IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers: This standard provides guidance on recognizing, measuring, and disclosing revenue from contracts with customers.

·        IAS 38 Intangible Assets: This standard provides guidance on recognizing, measuring, and disclosing intangible assets.

·        ASC 946 – Financial Services – Depository and Lending: This standard guides the accounting for transactions in financial instruments.

It is essential to note that as the use and regulation of cryptocurrency continue to evolve, accounting standards may be updated to provide specific guidance on accounting for cryptocurrency. Therefore, accountants should stay informed of any developments in this expanse.

Blockchain Accounting

A New Frontier Blockchain technology, the backbone of most cryptocurrencies, is still a new concept for many accountants. Regardless, as the use of blockchain and cryptocurrency becomes more widespread, it’s becoming increasingly important for accountants to understand how to account for transactions on the blockchain. This includes understanding the unique characteristics of blockchain transactions, such as their immutability and how they differ from traditional transactions.

Accounting for Cryptocurrency Transactions

Accounting for cryptocurrency transactions can be a complex and time-consuming process. It requires accountants to deeply understand the underlying technology and the unique characteristics of digital currencies. In addition, accounting for cryptocurrency transactions involves:

  • Understanding the underlying technology.
  • Identifying and tracing transactions.
  • Recording them in the appropriate accounts.
  • Reconciling them to ensure accuracy.
  • Reporting them in compliance with tax laws and regulations.

It’s a complex process that requires specialized knowledge and tools and can be laborious. Therefore, accountants need to stay up-to-date and seek professional guidance when necessary.

Cryptocurrency Tax Implications for Accountants

Cryptocurrencies are classified as properties, not currencies – IRS. This means that for tax purposes, transactions involving cryptocurrencies are subject to the same rules and regulations as transactions involving other types of property, such as real estate or stocks. Because it impacts how they are taxed on their profits and losses, this categorization might greatly impact people and companies that own or trade cryptocurrencies.

However, this classification is not set in stone and is subject to change. In other words, the US tax law is still evolving regarding cryptocurrency, and the classification can be updated in the future. As the use and regulation of cryptocurrency continue to evolve, individuals and businesses need to stay informed of any changes to tax laws and regulations.

It’s also worth noting that the tax treatment of digital currencies varies from country to country. Therefore, it’s important for individuals and businesses to research and understand the tax laws and regulations in their specific jurisdiction.

Cryptocurrency Audits

Audits are key drivers to well-maintained financial grinds. And as we move towards a cryptic future, accountants must learn how to conduct cryptocurrency audits. Checking the legitimacy of digital currency transactions and auditing the associated financial statements are what would become necessary for the accountants to ascertain. However, this may be a lengthy and laborious operation due to the technical complexity and one-of-a-kind facets of digital currencies.

According ICAEW Insights, auditing cryptocurrency poses unique challenges due to the lack of official guidance and classification complexities.

Key Takeaways:

·        Cryptocurrencies lack universal guidance, making them difficult to audit and assess accurately.

·        Auditors often rely on established principles such as ‘prudence’ and ‘going concern’ in the absence of specific guidance.

·        Blockchain technology enables auditors to access real-time information through read-only nodes, reducing reliance on client-provided data.

·        Auditors must adapt their auditing processes by incorporating automation, analytics, and machine-learning capabilities to obtain audit evidence directly from blockchains.

·        Different cryptocurrencies have varying levels of volatility and valuation problems, making their audit requirements different.

·        Ownership of crypto assets is concentrated among a small number of owners, leading to significant price fluctuations.

·        Limited understanding of market behavior and inadequate regulation make it challenging to predict price movements.

·        Auditors should be alert to potential money laundering and related party transaction frauds associated with cryptocurrencies.

·        The security of private keys that provide access to cryptocurrency should be considered, as well as the potential for management overrides.

·        Large audit firms are developing crypto auditing software, analytical tools, and training programs to enhance their auditing capabilities.

·        Ongoing efforts are being made to develop international accounting standards for cryptocurrencies.

·        Greater stability and acceptance of cryptocurrencies may lead to improved regulation and better understanding of the auditing process.

·        Auditors play a crucial role in navigating the complexities of auditing cryptocurrency and ensuring accurate and reliable audits.

Source: How does ICAEW audit cryptocurrency


The world we live in is constantly changing, and those who can keep up with its twists and turns are the ones who will come out on top. The finance industry is no exception – it’s a constantly fluctuating landscape of money and new technologies, and it requires adaptability to survive. The accounting profession, in particular, is facing a new challenge with the rise of cryptocurrencies. Navigating the complex world of digital currencies and lever-evolving regulations can be daunting, but it’s a necessary task for success in today’s economy.

But, it’s not all doom and gloom. With the right mindset and a forward-thinking approach, accountants can not only survive, but thrive in this new reality. Embracing change and innovation can open up new opportunities and revolutionize the way we handle finance.

Blog Author

Husnain Kazmi

Husnain Kazmi

Husnain is the Chief Operating Officer at SMB Services, and he has an impressive career in Financial Accounting and Reporting that spans over 20 years. He has gained valuable experience working with well-known accounting firms like EY. With his strong technical skills and professional expertise, Husnain's advice is essential for small and medium-sized businesses looking to succeed in their operations.